Thursday, October 2, 2014

Virem dev Sonigara Jalore


   Virem dev Sonigara (JALORE)
     वीरम देव सोनीगरा (जालोर)


Biram Dev SongaraBiram Dev Sonigara was the son of Kahad Dev Sonigara who ruled Jalore, in the present-day Indian state of Rajasthan, in the 13th century CE. He belonged to the Sonigara sect of the Chauhan clan of Rajputs.In 1298, Ala ud din Khilji's Mongol general Ulugh Khan asked permission of Kanhad Dev to march through Jalore to conquer Gujurat and destroy the temple at Somnath. When Kanhad Dev refused a war ensued.In 1299 Ala ud din sacked the temple and broke the Shiva lingam that had been worshipped there. He was carrying the broken pieces back to Delhi when he was attacked and defeated by Kanhad Dev Sonigara's armies. Kanhad Dev's son Biramdev (Viramdev) and trusted general Jaitra Deora were in charge of his army. The broken pieces of the Shiva lingam were recovered. Kanhad had them washed in water from the Ganges river, which was regarded as sacred, and then placed within various Shiva temples in and around Jalore. This story is recounted in the 16th century ballads Padmanabhama and Kanhad Dev.

 KANHAD DEV SONGARA,KHILJI & FIROZA
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Rao Samant Sinh Songara,ruler of Jalore with a view to retain the independence of Jalore against the Muslim invasion during his life time, he placed Kanhaddev on the throne of Jalore. This Songara king Kanhaddev was also known by names (i)Nahar Dev(ii)Shiligram(iii)Golaknath & (iv)Krishna(Lord Krishna’s tenth avtar-incarnation).This Kanhaddev had a brother-Maldev Songara. Songara king Kanhad dev had two issues, son Viramdev & Kunwar Virmati Bai.
Rao Shri Kanhaddev & his brave son Viramdev were died in battle fought against the sultan Ala-ud-Din khilji in year 1311, this battle of Jalore was terrible. On going through the “ KANHAD-DE-PRABANDH ” it appears that Jalore resisted the invasion for 3-4 years before it fell , the brave songara chauhans had kept up the tradition. Father Rao shri kanhad dev and brave son viram dev sacrificed their lives for their country-mother land Jalore , religion, pride as well as for the honor, respect and protection of the women of mewar and other parts of our present HINDUSTAN. These members of royal family had also sacrificed their lives for Preventing the Hindus being converted to Muslims by the sultan khilji and his supporters. At that time, the massive Islamic take over the Hindus - India was underway. The sultan khilji and other Muslim rulers had decided to convert entire Hindustan into Islamic world. One may accept or not, but, this process is continued in one or other way even to-day.
It is said in kanhad-de prabandh that FIROZA a daughter-princess of the sultan khilji fell in love with viram dev son of kanhad dev songara who was on attendance at the court of khilji in place of his father. son viram dev won the game of panja wrestling. Firoza impressed by the game played and won by viram dev, she fell in his love.Infect it was a conspiracy hatched by the sultan to kill this viram dev songara. The sultan khilji forced viram dev to marry his daughter Firoza , ultimately quarrel picked up and turned into Jalore battle.But , in fact, khilji was in search of cause for capturing Jalore and he did get it in refusal of viram dev to marry his princess Firoza.Firoza was a princess , she was a daughter of khilji, but , her mother was not one of the queens-begums of khilji, she was born out from Harem. The prostitutes were too used to keep in harem and therefore viram dev songara did not think it proper to marry this TURK GIRL-TARKADI CHHORI and under the pretext of coming with Barat-Jaan-wedding procession, he left Delhi for Jalore and met in the battle . The real cause of the invasion with the sultan khilji was the detertinition to put an end to the independence of Jalore as was done with the other states of RAJPUTANA, Jalore was the part of mewar, the sultan khilji had been long anxious to add mewar to his sultanate and Jalore was going to be more and more powerful which made khilji mad-ferocious to attack on it. Khilji had consolidated his authority in Mewar, Kanhaddev’s semi independent status was construed as contumacy and his contry was invaded.
In the battle of Jalore,lastly, the Sultan khilji sent a strong force under the commandment of kamaluddin Garg, with the help of some ambitious local persons the task of kamaluddin became easy, songara king kanhad dev, his son viramdev and their army men were killed in a close combat and the fort was captured. It was fall of songara chauhans . Jalore ,Bhinmal and sanchor were kept under the dominance of Muslims.
In this battle kanhaddev, viramdev and others followers were killed, but, Maldev- a brother of kanhaddev was survived,this Maldev secured the faith and trust of khilji, he was handed over the charge of chittor. Once upon a time, Jesodev songara –son of Maldev had forced the sultan to part with sambhar.
After sacrifice of kanhaddev songara and viramdev songara, khilji conquered Jalore , it became the part of sultanate –empire of Delhi till India became independent .Ofcourse, for some period Jalore was restored to Mewar ,but , the Muslin rulers continued their dominance on it till 1947, when India became independent sovereign.
God or super entity is believed to be immortal. They are not subject to death as mortal human dies. It can do anything, nothing is impossible for such super human,it can appear from anywhere at any time, the people loving, honoring, respecting such super entity are not ready to accept that such person possessing God’s virtues even can die. Some persons were believing that this Songara king kanhaddev was tenth Avtar (incarnation) of Lord Krishna-vishnu .The Lord, particularly, Lord Krishna how can die ? Thy is not supposed to die as mortal human dies and therefore though the brave Songara king kanhaddev was died in the battle fighting against royal army, it is said that he was disappeared from the battle field. Perhaps, he might have taken calculative back foot step for some better preparing and replying the Royal army in the battle field ,this action of Songara king kanhaddev might have been taken as his disappearance from the battle.
Alludin khilji was believing him self as Alexander II and was trying to establish the same. This khilji did get prepared the coins of his name and described him as Alexander II on the coins. The great Alexander once upon a time had decided to be the empire of entire universe and accordingly he entered in to India, but,the brave Hindu king porus forced this Alexander to return and during return journey he was murdered. Khilji also made with the same fate i.e he died unnatural death in January 1316.
It also requires to remember that Lohani Nawabs of Palanpur claim that their ancestor who was a minister of parihar ruler had captured Jalore from him, but, the claim of Palanpur Nawabs has no historical support ,however they are trying to keep-up their heads.
Jain Muni Gyan sundarji says in his “RATANPURIYA GACHH” that songara chauhan Ratansinh had established a new kingdom of his own name “ RATANPAR NAGAR in vikram samvat year 1082. [ Perhaps this Ratanparnagar may be a village of sanchor Taluka of Jalore district, State of Rajasthan. This Ratanpar village of Sanchor Taluka is not far away from Jalore. ] The direct discendent of songara chauhan king Ratansinh accepted Jainism. These discendent and his family members were called “RATANPURA” .There are ten branches/sub gotras of Ratanpura, they are Songara,Ramsena,Katariya,Bohra and others on the names of persons of Ratanpura family.
It is useful to note here that there is an ancient village namely “RAMSIN” near Jalore.The Songara chuhan habitants of this Ramsin village are called “RAMSENA”. Songara chauhans of “RAMSAN”village of Banaskantha district ,state of Gujarat are also called “RAMSENA” after the name of this village Ramsan and therefore the say of Muni Gyan sundarji in regard to acceptance of Jainism by the descendent of songara king Ratansinh seems not to be correct /true. Ramsena,Songara chauhans and katariya all these are kshatriyas , no Songara chauhan or Ramsena is a Jain.
It is painful to say that prior to independence,not only the Muslims invaders had tried to put an end to the “ HINDU INDIA-BHARAT VARSH ” , but , during years 1143 to 1172 , a Hindu- chalukya king kumarpal who adopting Jainism became jain under impression of famous HEMCHANDRACHARYA had also destroyed so many Hindu temples and the destroyed hindu temples were converted to jain temples. It is the misfortune of Jalore that the ruler of sambhar vigrahraj chauhan had too put Jalore badly on fire. Jalore was so badly burnt in that fire as it was destroyed completely.
After sacrifice of kanhaddev and viramdev, who are the successors of these brave members of Royal family ? who are the direct descendents of kanhadev songara as well as Maldev songara ? whether with the sacrifice of these brave members of Royal family, their pedigree comes to an end/ ceases ? all these questions are remained unanswered / are not solved .
Even above quoted questions are answered / solved in their proper aspect, context and in its true spirits in future, One more puzzle remains. Rao chachingdev songara had men issues (i) Samant sinh (ii) Raningdev. Samantsinh and his sons kanhaddev & Maldev were known/called as songara chauhan,but, second son Ranningdev was called as “ THAKUR”. Why one son is called “songara chauhan” and second one is called “ THAKUR” ?
These Kanhaddev and viramdev had left no one behind them, except, glorified memories,they are very popular amongst all rulers of Rajputana region, these members of royal family are well sung heroes of folk songs being sung in entire Rajsthan as well as some parts of Gujarat.No reference of successors of these kanhaddev and viramdev has been given even in “Kanhad-de-Prabandh” ,but ,it makes no difference , it is the matter of pride for songara chauhans that one of their ancestors was Kanhaddev songara.
 









"क्या जीना क्या मरना अरे ये तो है निर्थक बात पलक झपकते मर जाऐँगे फिर जिऐँगे प्रभात!!! "
मित्रो राजस्थान का इतिहास शोर्य और बलिदानी गाथाओ से भरा है राजस्थान मे जहाँ भी जाऐँगे आपको विरो कि गाथाए सूनने को मिलेगी ऐसे स्थलो मे से एक है जालोर का स्वर्णगिरी दुर्ग जो देश भर मे अभेध दुर्गो मे गिना जाता है
"
आभ फटे धर उलटे कटे बखत रा कोर सिर कटे धर लडपडे जद छूटे जालोर "
12
वीँ शताब्दी के अँतिम वर्षो मे जालोर दुर्ग पर चौहान राजा कान्हडदेव का शासन था इनका पुत्र कूँवर विरमदेव चौहान समस्त राजपूताना मे कुश्ती का प्रसिद्ध पहलवान था एवँ कूशल यौद्धा था छोटी आयू मे भी कई यूद्धो मे कुशल सैन्य सँचालन कर अपनी सैना को विजय दिलाई थी विरमदेव कि ख्याति सुनकर उसके प्रभावशाली व्यक्तित्व को देख कर दिल्ली के बादशाह अल्लाउदिन खिलजी कि बेटी शहजादी फिरोजा(सताई) का दिल विरमदेव पर आ गया तथा शहजादी ने किसी भी किमत पर विरमदेव से विवाह करने तथा अपनाने कि जिद पकड ली "वर वरुँ तो विरमदेव ना तो रहुँगी अकन कूँवारी " शहजादी कि हठ सूनकर दिल्ली दरबार मे कौहराम मच गया काफी सोच विचार के बाद अपना राजनैतिक फायदा देख बादशाह खिलजी इसके लिए तैयार हुआ शादी का प्रस्ताव जालोर दुर्ग पहुँचाया गया मगर विरमदेव ने तूरँत प्रस्ताव ठुकरा दिया और कहा "मामा लाजै भाटियाँ कूल लाजै चौह्वान जौ मे परणुँ तुरकाणी तो पश्चिम उगे भान" परिणामत युद्ध का ऐलान हुआ लगभग एक वर्ष तक तुर्को कि सैना जालोर पर घेरा लगाए बैठी रही फिर युद्ध प्रारँभ हुआ मात्र 22 वर्ष कि अल्पायू मे खुद विरमदेव केसरिया बाना पहन कर सबसे आगे सैना का नैतृत्व कर रहा था और इस भयँकर यूद्ध मे विरमदेव विरगति को प्राप्त हो गया तूर्कि सैना विरमदेव का सिर दिल्ली ले गयी तथा शहजादी के सामने रख दिया जब शहजादी ने मस्तक को थाली मे रखवाया और मस्तक से शादी करने की बात कही तो मस्तक अपने आप थाली से पलट गया लेकिन शहजादी भी अपने वादे पर अडीग थी शादी करुँगी तो विरमदेव से वर्ना कूँवारी मर जाऊँगी अतँत शहजादी मस्तक को अपने हाथ मे लेकर यमूना नदी मे कूद कर विरमदेव के पिछे सती हो गयी".................विरमदेव ने अपना कर्तव्य निभाया और एक हिन्दू होने के नाते मरने को तैयार हुआ पर एक तूर्कि मुस्लिम शहजादी से शादी नही की वही एक मुस्लिम शहजादी एक हिन्दू राजा के प्रेम मे इतनी कायल हुई कि उसके लिए अपनी जान तक दे दी
 

        
""जब एक मुस्लिम शहजादी सती हुए राजपूतयोद्धा के पीछे ""

===महारावल वीरमदेव सोनिगरा चौहान (जालौर)=====


राजस्थान का इतिहास शोर्य और बलिदानी गाथाओ से भरा है राजस्थान मेजहाँ भी जाऐँगे आपको वीरो कि शौर्य गाथाए सूनने को मिलेगी ऐसे स्थलो मे से एक है जालोर का स्वर्णगिरी दुर्ग जो देश भर मे अभेध दुर्गो मे गिना जाता हैआभ फटे धर उलटे कटे बखत रा कोर सिर कटे धर लडपडे जद छूटे जालोर “”12वीँ शताब्दी के अँतिम वर्षो मे जालोर दुर्ग पर चौहान राजा कान्हडदेव का शासन था इनका पुत्र कूँवर वीरमदेव चौहान समस्त राजपूताना मे कुश्ती का प्रसिद्ध पहलवान था एवँ कूशल यौद्धा था छोटी आयू मे भी कई यूद्धो मे कुशल सैन्य सँचालन कर अपनी सैना को विजय दिलाई थी वीरमदेव कि ख्याति सुनकर उसके प्रभावशाली व्यक्तित्व को देख कर दिल्ली के किसी भी किमत पर विरमदेव से विवाह करने तथा अपनाने कि जिद पकड ली


बादशाह अल्लाउदिन खिलजी कि बेटी शहजादी फिरोजा(सताई) का दिल विरमदेव पर आ गया तथा शहजादी ने शहजादी कि हठ सूनकर दिल्ली दरबार मे

 ""वर वरुँतो विरमदेव ना तो रहुँगी अकन कूँवारी “""”

कौहराम मच गया काफी सोच विचार के बाद अपना राजनैतिक फायदा देख बादशाह पहुँचाया गया मगर विरमदेव ने तूरँत प्रस्ताव  खिलजी इसके लिए तैयार हुआ शादी का प्रस्ताव जालोर दुर्ग  ठुकरा दिया और कहा

 मामा लाजै भाटियाँ कूल लाजै चौह्वान जौ मे परणुँ

तुरकाणी तो पश्चिम उगे भान
(मतलब मेरे मामा भाटी वंश से है में खुद चौहान एक तुर्कन से कैसे शादी करू मेरा वंश अपवित्र

हो जायेगा ऐसा तभी संभव है जब सूरज पश्चिम से उगेगा)परिणामत युद्ध का ऐलान हुआ लगभग  एक वर्ष तक तुर्को कि सैना जालोर पर घेरा लगाए बैठी रही फिर युद्ध प्रारँभ हुआ किल्ले की राजपूतनियो ने जौहर की रस्म निभायी मात्र 22 वर्ष कि अल्पायू मे खुद विरमदेव केसरिया बाना पहन कर सबसे आगे

सैना का नैतृत्व कर रहा था और इस भयँकर यूद्ध मे विरमदेव विरगति को प्राप्त  हो गया तूर्कि सैना विरमदेव का सिर दिल्ली ले गयी तथा शहजादी के सामने रख दिया जब शहजादी ने मस्तक को थाली मे रखवाया और मस्तक से शादी करने की बात कही तो मस्तक अपने आप थाली से पलट गया लेकिन शहजादी भी अपने वादे पर अडीग थी शादी करुँगी तो विरमदेव से वर्ना कूँवारी मर जाऊँगी अतँत शहजादी मस्तक को अपने हाथ मे लेकर यमूना नदी मे कूद कर विरमदेव के पिछे सती हो गयी”……………।वीरमदेव ने अपनाने कर्तव्य निभाया और एक हिन्दू होने के नाते मरने को तैयार हुआ पर एक तूर्कि मुस्लिम शहजादी से शादी नही की वही एक मुस्लिम शहजादी एक हिन्दू राजा के प्रेम मे इतनी कायल हुई कि उसके लिए अपनी जान तक दे दी अतँत शहजादी मस्तक को अपने हाथ मे लेकर यमूना नदी मे कूद कर विरमदेव के पिछे सती हो गयी






6 comments:

  1. सलाह :- ब्लॉग का टेम्पलेट बदलें ! इन्टरनेट से कॉपी पेस्ट ना करें इससे सर्च में आपके ब्लॉग पर विपरीत प्रभाव पड़ता है, हाँ पुस्तकों से लेकर लिखें तो सर्च इंजन को कोई मतलब नहीं !
    कभी कहीं इन्टरनेट से लेना भी पड़े तो उसका आभार सहित लिंक दें ताकि जहाँ से लिया उसे तकलीफ ना हो !! ब्लॉग को नियमित अपडेट करें !!

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  2. मै हरियाणा से हूँ मैंने पंडित मांगे राम की लिखा हरियाणवी सांग जैमल फतेहसिंह। सुना है। आपके लिखे व सांग मे कुछ भिन्नता है

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  3. सांग मे बीरमदेव को बूढ़े होकर मरने की बात है बीरमदेव व मालदेव का झगड़ा काबुल की लडाई मे जीतकर लाई गई 4 चीज 1दरयाई घोड़ा 2 भूरा हाथी 3 भौरकली का पलंग 4 रानी का डौला बताया गया है

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  4. https://youtu.be/R-l_9ubd-9M आप स्वयं सुने

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  5. सत्य है जिसे ये असत्य लग रहा वो समकालीन कान्हड़देव प्रबंध देखे

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